IJECT Vol. 8.3 (July – September 2017)

Vol 8 Issue 3 (July – September 2017)

International Journal of Electronics & Communication Technology Vol 8 Issue 3 (July – September 2017)
S.No. Research Topic Paper ID
01 The Impact of Good Governance on Sustainable Economic Development in Arab Countries
Messaoudene Nesma

The aim of this research is to identify the impact of good governance on economic growth and achieve sustainable economic development. The importance of this is at a time when most Arab countries are undergoing reformist movements aimed at achieving good governance and combating corruption. Societies are becoming aware that economic and developmental decline is the result of bad governance. Thus, the research discussed the characteristics, principles and indicators of good governance and the relationship of all this to economic growth, in the short term, and the ability to sustain it in order to achieve sustainable economic development in the long term. A mathematical economic model was also developed to measure the impact of good governance on sustaining economic growth using a multiple regression with a fixed effect. It has been applied to the indicators of governance and economic growth in the Arab countries during the period 1996-2011, which showed data issued by the State of Qatar to all Arab countries not only in economic growth and population, but also in the indicators of good governance. In order to ascertain the direction of the relationship of governance to economic growth, and not vice versa, the data was collated and used in the multirandom regression model, whose results confirmed the effect of good governance on the rate of economic growth in the Arab countries. The analysis showed that the rate of economic growth is positively related to the level of institutional development and governance in the Arab countries.And that this relationship is not linked to the level of income of the state, since the fact that the state of oil or non-oil did not affect this relationship. The results also showed that not all governance indicators are equally important in influencing economic growth. The indicators of the quality of legislation, the rule of law and the fight against corruption have a significant impact on economic growth, while the indicators of participation, political stability, and government effectiveness have no clear impact due to the weakness of democratic political structures and the inadequacy of these indicators for the culture and environment of Arab societies.
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02 Development of Single Channel Fault Detection System Using External Accelerometer Sensor with ARM-7 Microcontroller
Sneha, Dr. Deepak Kedia, Sunny Jamb

This paper describes a sensing unit which developed to tackle the fundamental faults faced in parts of machinery by utilizing vibration monitoring method to avoid system performance degradation, terrible failures, and malfunction. Vibration amplitude may be measured as acceleration, velocity or displacement; which may be either relative or absolute. ARM-7 development board is put to use for extracting data from the external accelerometer sensor as data acquisition module; which consists of ARM-7 LPC2478 enabling us to capture various vibratory signals from the triple axis Adxl335 mounted on the testing module. Adxl335 is meant to calculate the static and dynamic accelerations. The analyzed data from ARM is represented in real time. The specific components’ defects have been seen as frequency spectrums by using FFT. Conclusively, FFT of the vibration signal is analyzed to extract dominant spectral peaks (and its harmonics) of fault cases. The faults can be examined by comparing the FFT signals of machine health circumstances.
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03 Efficient Color Image Quality Assessment Using Gradient Magnitude Similarity Deviation
Preeti Rani, Vinod Kumar

In the present research work, a new objective image quality assessment method based on gradient similarity map and directional derivatives map is presented and called as Efficient Image Quality Assessment (EIQA). It assesses image quality by using different characteristics of human visual system (HVS). Considering directional derivative map (DDM) is important because there exists anisotropic structure in the image and the edges always stretch out in multiple directions. The Gradient Similarity Map (GSM) is employed as the secondary features in EIQA. The proposed EIQA method has been compared with Gradient Magnitude Similarity Deviation (GMSD) and other conventional image quality assessment (IQA) metrics using three widely used databases i.e. LIVE (Laboratory for Image & Video Engineering), TID2008 (Tamper Image Database 2008) and CSIQ (Categorical Subjective Image Quality). The proposed method yield better performance in terms of correlation coefficients such as Spearman rank-order correlation coefficient (SROCC), Kendall rank-order correlation coefficient (KROCC), Pearson linear Correlation Coefficient (PLCC) and Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE) with the help of MATLAB software.
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